Citizenship is the state of being citizen. While most United States citizens are born into citizenship, others apply through a bureaucratic process called "naturalization." In order to apply for citizenship, an individual must have spent at least 5 years as a permanent legal resident in the United States and must demonstrate good moral character. Naturalization lawyers and immigration lawyers can help you through the naturalization process if you are pursuing U.S. citizenship.
When the government acts to remove a foreign-born individual from the United States, it is called "deportation." Deportability grounds describe a number of reasons for deportation, including criminal offenses, illegal participation in U.S. elections, falsification of documents (such as a green card), and security concerns. Immigration lawyers can help you sort through potential defenses to deportability if you are threatened with removal.